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The Kīlauea Volcano is a currently active shield volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, and the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaiʻi. Located along the southern shore of the island, the volcano is between 300,000 and 600,000 years old and emerged above sea level about 100,000 years ago.
The 2018 Hawaii Kilauea Puna eruption is an ongoing volcanic event on the island of Hawaii on Kīlauea volcano’s East Rift Zone that began on May 3, 2018. It is also part of the larger eruption of Hawaii Kīlauea that began January 3, 1983, though some volcanologists and USGS scientists are considering whether to call it a new eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Outbreaks of lava fountains up to 300 feet (90 m) high, lava flows and volcanic gas in the Leilani Estates subdivision were preceded by earthquakes and ground deformation that created cracks in the roads. The next day, May 4, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake hit Puna. After the initial outbreak, additional outbreaks of lava from new fissures in the Puna area occurred.
Kilauea Volcano Eruptions:
By May 25, 2018, over 20 fissures had erupted lava in or near the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens subdivisions, resulting in the destruction of at least 82 structures in lower Puna. The eruption forced the evacuation of approximately two thousand residents. The fissures had sent lava rivers that on May 19 buried part of Hawaii Route 137 and began flowing into the ocean. On May 29 lava overran Hawaii Route 132, cutting the access between Kapoho and Pahoa.